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Industrialized Customization in Architecture


Short description

ICAThe significance of industrialized production is gaining momentum originating from the level of materials, parts, and pieces culminating in the final assembly of whole structures and buildings. Early 50ies and 60ies industrialization was based on mass production, from the 1970ies on quality was the focus and modern manufacturing technologies such as precut technologies allow since the 80ies to customize the production of buildings and its components in order to respond to esthetic demands of a unique architectural design: The former schism between rationalized mass production and individual character of buildings has been overcome. As soon as the customer has designed his dream house using VR technologies the Toyota production system manufactures just in time and in sequence the necessary sub modules of the house. Even though each house is automatically produced, it has its own characteristic design. Industrially produced houses are affordable, customized and rapidly available. By applying modern manufacturing technologies we can improve the efficiency of resources to achieve a sustainable economy. Major Japanese house makers have already introduced zero waste concepts in housing


Content

  • Prefabrication of linear, 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional products and elements.
  • Industrialized manufacturing for the production of steel frames space frames, wood and timber frames and space frames, precast concrete columns, beams, girders, elements and spatial units, masonry wall, floor and roof elements
  • Basics of flexible manufacturing systems
  • Assembly process and rapid joining systems for on-site construction
  • Systematic and prefabricated installation systems
  • -Waste-factories
  • Systematic disassembly: reverse logistics, re-customization



















Chair for Building Realization and Robotics